The first mention of a “basset” dog appeared in La Venerie an illustrated hunting text written by Jacques du Fouilloux.It is believed that the Basset type originated as a mutation in the litters of Norman Staghounds, a descendant of the St Hubert’s Hound
French basset hounds were being imported into England at least as early as the 1870s. While some of these dogs were certainly Basset Artésien Normand, by the 1880s linebreeding had thrown back to a different heavier type. Everett Millais, who is considered to be the father of the modern Basset Hound, bred one such dog, Nicholas, to a Bloodhound bitch named Inoculation through artificial insemination in order to create a heavier basset in England in the 1890s.
The first breed standard for what is now known as the Basset Hound was made in Great Britain at the end of the 19th century and then the standard was updated in 2010.
A Few Facts
- One of the best know dogs in the Hound group
- They are often lazy and trip over their long ears
- They use their wrinkles to trap scents to track longer
- Daily exercise for health to ensure they don’t get overweight
- Despite being short the Basset Hound is still considered a larger breed.
- In the TV series The Dukes of Hazzard, a Basset Hound called Flash served as a companion to Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane.
The earliest known depictions of short-legged hunting dogs are engravings from the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. Mummified remains of short-legged dogs from that period have been uncovered in the Dog Catacombs of Saqqara, Egypt. Scent Hounds were used for hunting in both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. The modern Basset Hound was bred to hunt rabbits and hare in France, a country known for its development of many breeds of scent hound. Hunting with a pack of bassets is still not uncommon in France and the UK, although it seldom occurs in the United States.Basset-type hounds became popular during the reign of Emperor Napoleon III. The breed has two bloodlines, American & European. The word “Basset” means low to groundThis breed, like its ancestor the Bloodhound, has a hanging skin structure, which causes the face to occasionally look sad; this, for many people, adds to the breed’s charm. The dewlap, seen as the loose, elastic skin around the neck, and the trailing ears which along with the Bloodhound are the longest of any breed, help trap the scent of what they are tracking. Its neck is wider than its head. This, combined with the loose skin around its face and neck means that flat collars can easily be pulled off. The looseness of the skin results in the Basset’s characteristic facial wrinkles. The Basset’s skull is characterized by its large dolichocephalic nose, which is second only to the Bloodhound in scenting ability and number of olfactory receptor cells. The Basset’s short legs are due to a form of dwarfism. Their short stature can be deceiving; Bassets are long and can reach things on table tops that other dogs of similar height can not. Because Bassets are so heavy and have such short legs, they are not able to hold themselves above water for very long when swimming.
The Basset Hound is very stubborn which means it will take them longer than other breeds to master training such as housebreaking and obedience. Even a well trained Basset Hound will choose just not to listen. This breed is not very active so keep that in mind as they do need daily exercise such as walking or playing in an enclosed play area. This breed does not do well off leash.
The Basset Hound is very low maintenance. They just need weekly brushing and a proper diet to have a healthy coat. Bathing once a month is recommended using a natural shampoo.
It is best to avoid products with grains, chicken, peas, and legumes as they may have a bad skin allergy to these products in food. The Basset Hound is known to be prone to skin issues and digestive system issues. If you can add some raw meat to their diet that will greatly help their overall health.
The Basset Hound is considered a large breed dog. This breeds breed standard for weight is 40-80 lbs but there can be Basset Hounds outside of this standard. The Basset Hound should also be below 14 inches at the shoulder according to the breed standard.
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